Creating OML Models in Parallel

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In a previous post I showed how to use the partition option in Oracle Data Mining to create many sub-models. This gives one overall driving model with each sub-model created on a different subset or partition of the training data set.

That blog post also showed the timing for creating the models and how this compares to creating one overall model for your data set, while achieving greater accuracy with model predictions.

This is all good. But can it scale more. What if I have significantly more data!  How does this scale and how?

My previous blog post showed how the you can quickly partition the data into different subsets and some care is needed on choosing the attributes carefully for the partition key.

What if I want to run these different sub-models on the different data partitions in parallel on different slaves.

This is simple to do and can be achieved by adding one additional parameter to the Model Settings table. This parameter is called ODMS_PARTITION_BUILD_TYPE. This parameter has three possible values:

ODMS_PARTITION_BUILD_INTRA — Each partition is built in parallel using all slaves.

ODMS_PARTITION_BUILD_INTER — Each partition is built entirely in a single slave, but multiple partitions may be built at the same time since multiple slaves are active.

ODMS_PARTITION_BUILD_HYBRID — It is a combination of the other two types and is recommended for most situations to adapt to dynamic environments.


Although by default the model will try to run in parallel, I’ve found this is not necessarily the case. In my previous post I showed the timing to create a model on 72K records using different models. These timings are

One over all Model = 5.23 seconds

Partitioned Model (4 partitions/models) = 8.3 seconds

Partitioned Model (48 partitions/models) = 37 seconds

Now let’s change/set the ODMS_PARTITION_BUILD_TYPE parameter. The following code is the complete code to set the parameters and build upon those shown in the previous blog post.


    INSERT INTO banking_RF_settings (setting_name, setting_value)
    VALUES (dbms_data_mining.algo_name, dbms_data_mining.algo_random_forest);

    INSERT INTO banking_RF_settings (setting_name, setting_value)
    VALUES (dbms_data_mining.prep_auto, dbms_data_mining.prep_auto_on);

    INSERT INTO banking_RF_settings (setting_name, setting_value)
    VALUES (dbms_data_mining.odms_partition_columns, 'MARITAL, JOB’);

    INSERT INTO banking_RF_settings (setting_name, setting_value)
    VALUES (dbms_data_mining.odms_partition_build_type, 'ODMS_PARTITION_BUILD_INTER');


The code to create the Model using CREATE_MODEL does not change.

So, how long this this take to run?  In my DBaaS preview 20c database (basic setup) it too 6.6 seconds.

Remember that was for an input data set consisting of 72K records and the partition key creates 48 partitions and in-turn creates 48 different machine learning models.

This 6.6 seconds compares to 37 seconds when this parameter was not set or using the default.

No that is fast and available to everyone to use 🙂