When setting up a Database on Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) for the first time there are a few pre and post steps to complete before you can access the database using a JDBC type of connect, just like what you have in SQL Developer, or using Python or other similar tools and/or languages.
1. Setup Virtual Cloud Network (VCN)
The first step, when starting off with OCI, is to create a Virtual Cloud Network.
Create a VCN and take all the defaults. But change the radio button shown in the following image.
That’s it. We will come back to this later.
2. Create the Oracle Database
To create the database select ‘Bare Metal, VM and Exadata’ from the menu.
Click on the ‘Launch DB System’ button.
Fill in the details of the Database you want to create and select from the various options from the drop-downs.
Fill in the details of the VCN you created in the previous set, and give the name of the DB and the Admin password.
When you are finished everything that is needed, the ‘Launch DB System’ at the bottom of the page will be enabled. After clicking on this botton, the VM will be built and should be ready in a few minutes. When finished you should see something like this.
3. SSH to the Database server
When the DB VM has been created you can now SSH to it. You will need to use the SSH key file used when creating the DB VM. You will need to connect to the opc (operating system user), and from there sudo to the oracle user. For example
ssh -i <ssh file> opc@<public IP address>
The public IP address can be found with the Database VM details
[opc@tudublins1 ~]$ sudo su - oracle [oracle@tudublins1 ~]$ . oraenv ORACLE_SID = [cdb1] ? The Oracle base has been set to /u01/app/oracle [oracle@tudublins1 ~]$ [oracle@tudublins1 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 188.8.131.52.0 - Production on Wed Mar 13 11:28:05 2019 Version 184.108.40.206.0 Copyright (c) 1982, 2018, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 220.127.116.11.0 - Production Version 18.104.22.168.0 SQL> alter session set container = pdb1; Session altered. SQL> create user demo_user identified by DEMO_user123##; User created. SQL> grant create session to demo_user; Grant succeeded. SQL>
4. Open port 1521
To be able to access this with a Basic connection in SQL Developer and most programming languages, we will need to open port 1521 to allow these tools and languages to connect to the database.
To do this go back to the Virtual Cloud Networks section from the menu.
Click into your VCN, that you created earlier. You should see something like the following.
Click on the Security Lists, menu option on the left hand side.
From that screen, click on Default Security List, and then click on the ‘Edit All Rules’ button at the top of the next screen.
Add a new rule to have a ‘Destination Port Range’ set for 1521
5. Connect to the Database from anywhere
Now you can connect to the OCI Database using a basic SQL Developer Connection.
The 18c Oracle DBaaS is now available. This is the only place that Oracle 18c will be available until later in 2018. So if you want to try it out, then you are going to need to get some Oracle Cloud credits, or you may already have a paying account for Oracle Cloud.
The following outlines the steps you need to go through to gets Oracle 18c setup.
1. Log into your Oracle Cloud
Log into your Oracle Cloud environment. Depending on your access path you will get to your dashboard.
Select Create Instance from the dashboard.
2. Create a new Database
From the list of services to create, select Database.
3. Click ‘Create Instance’
4. Enter the Database Instance details
Enter the details for your new Oracle 18c Database. I’ve called mine ‘db18c’.
Then for the Software Release dropdown list, select ‘Oracle Database 18c’.
Next select the Software Edition from the dropdown list.
5. Fill in the Instance Details
Fill in the details for ‘DB Name’, ‘PDB Name’, ‘Administration Password’, ‘Confirm Password’, setup the SSH Public Key, and then decide if you need the Backup and Recovery option.
6. Create the DBaaS
Double check everything and when ready click on the ‘Create’ button.
7. Wait for Everything to be Create
Now is the time to be patient and wait while your cloud service is created.
I’ve created two different version of the 18c Oracle DBaaS. The Enterprise Edition to 30 minutes to complete and the High Performance service too 47 minutes.
No it’s time to go play.
You have heard about the cloud? Right? Even the Oracle Cloud?
If you haven’t, then maybe we need to look at how you can learn more about the Oracle Cloud.
Over the past while, and in the past few weeks in particular, Oracle has been advertising about how you can get a trail Oracle cloud service setup for FREE. Well it is free for one month when you set it up on the Oracle website (cloud.oracle.com).
As I like to talk about and use the Oracle Advanced Analytics (OAA) option (a lot), I thought I’d just give you some pointers on how to use OAA on the Oracle cloud.
To do this you need to set up an account on the Oracle cloud website (your Oracle single sign on should help with making that process a lot quicker). There are lots of websites and blog that will talk/show you through the process. Then you need to select what Database as a Service that you want to setup
OAA is not available on the Database Schema Service just yet (maybe one day they will)
Although Oracle Advanced Analytics comes pre-installed in the Oracle Enterprise Edition database (yes it is a separately priced option) when you install it on your own servers, but for the Enterprise Edition DaaS OAA is not part of it.
DaaS has the following versions
- Standard Edition Service
- Enterprise Edition Service
- High Performance Service
- Extreme Performance Service
OAA is only available for these last two versions of the DaaS.
High Performance DaaS: Multitenant, Partitioning, Real Application Testing, Advanced Compression, Advanced Security, Label Security, Database Vault, OLAP, Advanced Analytics, Spatial and Graph, Diagnostics Pack, Tuning Pack, Database Lifecycle Management Pack, Data Masking & Subsetting Pack and Cloud Management Pack for Oracle Database.
Extreme Performance DaaS: In-Memory Database, RAC (Real Application Clusters), Active Data Guard, Multitenant, Partitioning, Real Application Testing, Advanced Compression, Advanced Security, Label Security, Database Vault, OLAP, Advanced Analytics, Spatial and Graph, Diagnostics Pack, Tuning Pack, Database Lifecycle Management Pack, Data Masking & Subsetting Pack and Cloud Management Pack for Oracle Database.
Oracle Advanced Analytics has two main products or components. The first is the in-database Oracle Data Mining features. This are part of the High Performance and Extreme Performance DaaS offerings. But Oracle R Enterprise is not installed on these DaaS. Well if kind of is if you can get an 11g DaaS, but at time of writing this post ORE is not part of the 12c DaaS images. So you will need to factor in some time to go and install ORE, if you need to use it.
I’ve been lucky to have one of these DaaS with OAA trials and with thanks to Thomas Kurian he has extended these trials to 12 months for all Oracle ACE Directors. Thank you Thomas.
When you get your DaaS setup you just need to configure your connection privileges, ssh, etc and away you go. All you need to do is to move your data across the internet to your own Oracle DaaS, and once it is in the DaaS all your OAA and other analytics is performed on the Database Server. Only the results are returned to you and displayed in your tool. This significantly reduces the processing time for your data and removes the need to constantly extract your data (in whole or in parts) to feed into other advanced analytics tools.
So if you haven’t tried Oracle Advanced Analytics yet, then go ahead and setup your free trial of Oracle DaaS and try it out. You never know what you might discover by using Oracle Advanced Analytics (in the cloud)